In Vitro Fertilization Treatment Guide For Couples
What is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)?
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a medical procedure in which eggs are removed from a woman’s ovaries and fertilized with sperm in a laboratory dish. The resulting embryos are then implanted in the woman’s uterus.
IVF is used to treat a variety of fertility problems, including:
- Ovulation disorders
- Unexplained infertility
- Tubal blockage
IVF is also used to solve male factor infertility by retrieving sperm from the man’s testicles and fertilizing the eggs in the laboratory.
In some cases, IVF may be used to selectively reduce the number of embryos implanted in the uterus, or to test embryos for genetic abnormalities before implantation.
The IVF procedure generally takes place over the course of several weeks and involves four basic steps:
- Ovulation induction: Medications are given to the woman to stimulate the ovaries to produce multiple eggs.
- Egg retrieval: The eggs are removed from the ovaries using a needle.
- Fertilization: The eggs are fertilized with sperm in the laboratory.
- Embryo transfer: The embryos are implanted in the woman’s uterus.
For more information on the IVF procedure, please see our In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) treatment page.