DHT Prostate Cancer Erectile Dysfunction Numbers and Men’s Silence vs Breast Cancer Awareness
According to the American Cancer Society, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men, after skin cancer. In 2016, there will be an estimated 180,890 new cases of prostate cancer diagnosed in the United States. Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in American men, behind only lung cancer. An estimated 26,120 men will die of prostate cancer in 2016.
Although prostate cancer can occur in men of any age, it is most common in men over age 50. The chance of having prostate cancer rises rapidly after age 50. About 6 in 10 cases of prostate cancer are diagnosed in men over the age of 65.
Prostate cancer is much more common in African-American men than in white men. In fact, African-American men are more than twice as likely to die of prostate cancer as white men.
There are several risk factors for prostate cancer, including age, family history, and race. However, the cause of most prostate cancers is unknown.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer may cause no signs or symptoms in its early stages. Prostate cancer that is more advanced may cause signs and symptoms such as:
- Trouble urinating
- Decreased force in the stream of urine
- Blood in semen
- Discomfort in the pelvic area
These symptoms do not always mean you have prostate cancer. Other conditions, such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), can cause similar symptoms. Only a doctor can tell if you have prostate cancer.
How is Prostate Cancer Diagnosed?
If you have signs or symptoms that suggest you might have prostate cancer, your doctor will likely order one or more tests, including:
- Digital rectal exam: During a DRE, the doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum and feels the prostate for lumps or abnormal areas.
- Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test: This blood test measures the level of PSA, a substance produced by the prostate. A high PSA level can be a sign of prostate cancer, but it can also be a sign of a benign condition such as BPH.
- Biopsy: If the results of the DRE or PSA test are abnormal, your doctor may recommend a prostate biopsy. During a prostate biopsy, the doctor removes small pieces of tissue from the prostate for examination under a microscope.
If prostate cancer is found, additional tests may be done to help determine the stage (extent) of the disease. The stage is a way to describe how far the cancer has spread. It is important to know the stage in order to plan treatment.
Treatment of Prostate Cancer
The treatment of prostate cancer depends on the stage of the disease, your age and overall health, and your preferences.
- Active Surveillance: For men with early-stage, low-grade prostate cancer, active surveillance may be an option. Active surveillance involves close monitoring of the cancer with PSA tests and DREs every few months. If the cancer appears