How to Treat Erectile Dysfunction
Erectile dysfunction (ED), also known as impotence, is the inability to get and maintain an erection. It is a common condition that affects men of all ages, but is more common in men over the age of 40.
There are many different causes of ED, but the most common is a lack of blood flow to the penis. This can be a result of physical or psychological problems.
Physical causes of ED include:
- Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)
- High blood pressure
- Metabolic syndrome
- Parkinson’s disease
- Multiple sclerosis
- Low testosterone
- Sleep disorders
Psychological causes of ED include:
- Relationship problems
- Low self-esteem
There are many different treatments for ED, but the most common is medication. These drugs work by increasing blood flow to the penis.
Medications for ED
The most common medications for ED are:
- Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (such as sildenafil, tadalafil, and vardenafil)
- Alpha blockers (such as alfuzosin and tamsulosin)
- Nitrates (such as isosorbide dinitrate and isosorbide mononitrate)
- Prostaglandin E1 (such as alprostadil)
These drugs are taken orally, injected into the penis, or inserted into the urethra. They work by relaxing the muscles and increasing blood flow to the penis.
Surgery for ED
In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat ED. These procedures include:
- Penile implants
- Vascular surgery
- Nerve surgery
These procedures are typically only recommended for men who have not responded to other treatments.
Lifestyle Changes for ED
In addition to medication, there are many lifestyle changes that can help treat ED. These include:
- Losing weight
- Exercising regularly
- Quitting smoking
- limiting alcohol intake
- Managing stress
- Treating underlying health conditions
These lifestyle changes can help improve blood flow and reduce stress.
When to See a Doctor
ED is a common condition, but it can be a sign of an underlying health condition. If you have ED, it is important to see a doctor.