Fertisalus


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In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a process of fertilization where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in a laboratory. IVF is a major treatment for infertility when other methods of assisted reproductive technology have failed.

What is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)? What’s involved?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a process of fertilization where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in vitro (“in glass”). The process involves monitoring and stimulating a woman’s ovulatory process, removing an ovum or ova (egg or eggs) from the woman’s ovaries and letting sperm fertilize them in a liquid in a laboratory.

IVF is a type of assisted reproductive technology used for infertility treatment and gestational surrogacy. A fertilized egg may be implanted into a surrogate’s uterus, and the resulting child is genetically unrelated to the surrogate.

What’s involved in the IVF process?

The IVF process involves several steps:

  • Ovulation induction: Medications are given to the woman to stimulate egg production.
  • Egg retrieval: The eggs are retrieved from the woman’s ovaries using a needle.
  • Sperm retrieval: Sperm are retrieved from the man’s testicles using a needle.
  • Fertilization: The eggs are combined with the sperm in a laboratory.
  • Embryo transfer: The embryos are placed into the woman’s uterus.

What are the success rates of IVF?

The success rates of IVF depend on many factors, including the woman’s age, the cause of infertility, and the number of embryos transferred.

In general, the success rates of IVF are about:

  • 30% for women under 35 years old
  • 25% for women aged 35-37 years old
  • 20% for women aged 38-40 years old
  • 15% for women aged 41-42 years old
  • 5% for women over 42 years old
What is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and how does it work? Dr. Amy Criniti reviews the steps involved in IVF and the best candidates for IVF.