Erectile Dysfunction Treatment
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a male sexual dysfunction that affects a man’s ability to get or maintain an erection. ED can be caused by physical problems, psychological factors, or a combination of both. Treatment for ED can involve medications, lifestyle changes, or surgery.
There are a variety of oral medications that can be used to treat ED. These include:
- sildenafil (Viagra)
- tadalafil (Cialis)
- vardenafil (Levitra, Staxyn)
- avanafil (Stendra)
These medications work by relaxing the muscles in the penis and increasing blood flow to the area. They can be taken 30-60 minutes before sexual activity. Side effects of these medications include headache, flushing, dyspepsia, nasal congestion, and dizziness. These medications are not recommended for men with certain medical conditions, such as heart disease, stroke, or low blood pressure.
Making lifestyle changes can help treat ED. These changes include:
- Quit smoking. Smoking cigarettes can damage the blood vessels and decrease blood flow to the penis.
- Exercise regularly. Exercise can improve blood flow and help with weight loss.
- Eat a healthy diet. A diet that is high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can improve blood flow and help with weight loss.
- Reduce stress. Stress can interfere with sexual arousal.
- See your doctor. ED can be a sign of an underlying medical condition. If you have ED, see your doctor to find out if there is a medical cause.
In some cases, surgery can be used to treat ED. Surgery can be used to:
- Implants. Implants can be used to treat ED. There are two types of implants: inflatable and malleable. Inflatable implants are filled with saline and can be inflated to create an erection. Malleable implants are semirigid rods that can be bent to create an erection.
- Vascular surgery. Vascular surgery can be used to treat ED. This surgery is used to correct problems with the blood vessels that supply blood to the penis.
Surgery is not recommended for men with certain medical conditions, such as heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.