Infertility Causes of Concern
There are many possible causes of infertility, and they can be divided into two broad categories: medical and lifestyle-related.
Medical Causes of Infertility
There are many medical conditions that can cause infertility. Some of the more common ones include:
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): PCOS is a hormonal disorder that affects up to one in five women of childbearing age. Women with PCOS have high levels of androgens (male hormones) in their bodies, which can interfere with ovulation. PCOS is also a leading cause of miscarriage.
- Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of the uterus. This can cause the formation of scar tissue and adhesions (abnormal bands of tissue), which can block the fallopian tubes and prevent the egg and sperm from meeting. Endometriosis can also cause the ovaries to malfunction and become unable to release eggs.
- Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI): POI is a condition in which the ovaries stop functioning before the age of 40. POI can be caused by genetic abnormalities, autoimmune disorders, infections, or certain medications.
- Uterine fibroids: Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous growths that develop in the uterus. They can vary in size from very small to large, and they can grow inside or outside of the uterus. Fibroids can cause the uterus to become misshapen and can block the fallopian tubes.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): PID is an infection of the reproductive organs that can damage the fallopian tubes and ovaries. PID is usually caused by sexually transmitted infections, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea.
- Celiac disease: Celiac disease is a condition in which the immune system reacts to gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. Celiac disease can damage the lining of the intestines, making it difficult for the body to absorb nutrients. This can lead to vitamin and mineral deficiencies, which can in turn cause fertility problems.
- Thyroid disorders: Thyroid disorders, such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, can cause hormonal imbalances that can interfere with ovulation.
- Type 1 and type 2 diabetes: Diabetes can cause damage to the blood vessels, nerves, and organs, including the reproductive organs. Diabetes can also cause hormonal imbalances that can interfere with ovulation.
Lifestyle-related Causes of Infertility
There are also many lifestyle factors that can contribute to infertility. These include:
- Smoking: Smoking can damage the reproductive organs and can cause hormonal imbalances that can interfere with ovulation. Smoking is also a leading cause of <a href="https://