What Is IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)?
IVF is a medical procedure in which an egg is fertilized by a sperm outside the body. The fertilized egg (zygote) is then transferred to the uterus where it can implant in the uterine lining and develop into a fetus.
IVF is used to treat a variety of fertility issues, including:
- Unexplained infertility
- Ovulation disorders
- Tubal blockage
IVF can also be used to bypass other fertility treatments, such as intrauterine insemination (IUI).
During IVF, a woman is given fertility drugs to stimulate egg production. Once the eggs are mature, they are retrieved from the ovaries using a needle. The eggs are then fertilized with sperm in a lab dish.
After fertilization, the eggs are incubated for several days to allow them to develop into embryos. The embryos are then transferred to the uterus, where they can implant in the uterine lining and develop into a baby.
IVF is a complex and expensive procedure, and it is not always successful. However, it is often the best option for couples who are struggling to conceive.