Erectile Dysfunction and Male Infertility Treatment
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a problem with getting and maintaining an erection. It can cause problems in the bedroom for men of all ages. But it’s more common in older men. About 4% of 40-year-old men and up to 17% of 65-year-old men have ED.
There are many possible causes of ED, including:
- Health conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure
- Injuries or surgeries that affect the nerves or blood vessels in the penis
- Hormonal problems
- Certain medications
- Psychological conditions such as anxiety, depression, or stress
ED can also be a side effect of some cancer treatments.
For some men, ED is caused by a combination of physical and psychological problems. But for many men, the cause is unknown.
What Are the Symptoms of ED?
The main symptom of ED is the inability to get or maintain an erection during sex. But ED can also cause:
- Reduced sex drive
- Trouble getting an erection
- Trouble keeping an erection
- Inability to reach orgasm
- Reduced sexual desire
If you have any of these symptoms, it’s important to see your doctor. ED can be a sign of an underlying health condition. It can also be a side effect of certain medications.
How Is ED Diagnosed?
Your doctor will ask about your medical history and symptoms. They will also do a physical exam. This may include checking your blood pressure, heart rate, and reflexes. They may also order blood tests to check for diabetes, low testosterone, and other conditions.
In some cases, your doctor may refer you to a urologist or other specialist. They may also recommend a psychological evaluation. This can help rule out anxiety, depression, or other psychological causes of ED.
How Is ED Treated?
The treatment for ED will depend on the underlying cause. In some cases, treating the underlying condition will resolve the problem. In other cases, medication or other treatments may be needed.
Some of the most common treatments for ED include:
- Oral medications such as sildenafil (Viagra), tadalafil (Cialis), or vardenafil (Levitra)
- Injections into the penis
- Vacuum devices
- Penile implants
- Counseling or sex therapy
Your doctor can help you choose the right treatment for you. They can also discuss the risks and benefits of each option.
What Are the Complications of ED?
ED can cause psychological stress. This can lead to relationship problems, anxiety, and depression. ED can also cause men to feel less masculine. This can affect their self-esteem and make them avoid sexual activity.